Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2019, Page: 50-55
A Study of Metacommunication Signals in the Initiation of Pretend Play of 3-6 year-old Children
Hongzhi Long, Research Center for the Educational Development of Minorities, College of Education, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, China
Mengqi Wei, College of Educational Science, Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang, China
Received: Sep. 22, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 28, 2019;       Published: Dec. 6, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijpbs.20190405.11      View  179      Downloads  80
Abstract
Pretend play is the most typical play among children aged 3-6 years old, the initiation of which needs children’s matecommunication ability. In turn, the temecommunication ability of children can be enhanced and strengthened during the play. And thus the topic of how children initiate matecommunication signals in the pretend play is worthy to research. Using observation as research method, the researchers analyzed the metacommunication signals in the initiation of pretend play of 60 children aged 3-6. The results are as follows: (1) the metacommunication signals used by children aged 3-6 on pretend play show a tendency of transition from non-verbal signals to verbal signals with the increase of age. (2) Metacommunication signals used in regional activities show a feature of borrowing special materials and being limited by material exploring ability, and metacommunication signals used in life activities show a feature of using spontaneous physical actions. (3) The signals used by familiar peers are identifiable and changed frequently, and signals used by unfamiliar peers are repeatedly explained and are controlled. Some suggestions are provided. Reachers propose responding suggestions for teachers in the kindergarten: (1) Properly place regional material (2) Support children’s spontaneous communicative activities. (3) Promote the development of the psychological theory of children in junior class.
Keywords
Pretend Play, Metacommunication Signals, Children Aged 3-6
To cite this article
Hongzhi Long, Mengqi Wei, A Study of Metacommunication Signals in the Initiation of Pretend Play of 3-6 year-old Children, International Journal of Psychological and Brain Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2019, pp. 50-55. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpbs.20190405.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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